TOP 5 MOST ICONIC BUILDINGS IN THE WORLD

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Credit to Dezeen

#1 The Kaaba

Credit to Mosa'ab Elshamy
Credit to Mosa’ab Elshamy

The kaaba is the most sacred Muslim pilgrimage site in the world. This brick cuboid structure is located at the center of Islam’s most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. While performing their prayers, Muslims all over the world face in the direction of the Kaaba. Every Muslim visits the Kaaba at least once in their lifetime as a part of Hajj pilgrimage. The glorious structure is a bricked cuboid made of granite. The Kaaba is approximately 13.1 m, with sides measuring 11.03 m by 12.86 m. Inside the Kaaba, the floor is made of marble and limestone. The Kaaba was initially open to all pilgrims but due to huge numbers of visitors the entry was restricted for the general crowd.The initial Kaaba had a door for entrance and another for way out with a window situated to 1 side. The present Kaaba merely has one door and no window. Source: Wonderslist.com

 

#2 Taj Mahal

Credit to Yann and Jim Cartar
Credit to Yann and Jim Cartar

An immense mausoleum of white marble, built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, the Taj Mahal is the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces. It is situated at the banks of river Yamuna in Agra, India. Led by the architect, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri it took around 22,000 men and seventeen years to build the the Taj Mahal. Its is a masterpiece of Persian and Mughal architecture. The changing colors of the Taj Mahal from a pinkish hue in the morning, milky white in the evening and golden at night when lit by the moon are said to resembles the changing mood of Shah Jahan’s queen. Around 8 million tourists visit The Taj Mahal every year. The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Owing to its dazzling beauty, the Taj is one of the most iconic buildings of the world. Source: Unesco

 

#3 Eiffel Tower

Credit to bestourism
Credit to Bestourism

No-one could imagine Paris today without it. But Gustave Eiffel only constructed this elegant, 320m-tall signature spire as a temporary exhibit for the 1889 World Fair. Luckily, the art nouveau tower’s popularity assured its survival. It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower. He was also the engineer and architect behind the tower. This iron lattice tower is 324 meters tall and weighs 10,100 tonnes. Lifts ascend to the tower’s three floors; change lifts on the 2nd floor for the final ascent to the top. Energetic visitors can walk as far as the 2nd floor using the south pillar’s 704-step stairs. Refreshment options in the tower include two snack bars, the 1st-floor 58 Tour Eiffel, the sublime 2nd-floor Le Jules Verne, and at the top, a champagne bar. Source: Lonely Planet.

 

#4 Sydney Opera House

Credit to Vizts
Credit to Vizts

Declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007, Opera House is one of the most iconic buildings the world. Standing tall at 185 meters with a width of 120 meters, the building was designed by a Danish Architect Jorn Utzon. His design was selected as the winning design among 232 other entries in an international design competition,1957 bestowing him with a prize money of g 5000 pounds. Work started on it two years after his win with 10,000 builders employed. Till the time it was finishes, the cost of the project reached 102 million Australian Dollars. The formal inauguration of the building took place on on 20 October 1973. Paul Robeson was the first person to perform at the Sydney Opera House in 1960. The first opera performed at the house was Sergei Prokofiev’s War and Peace, on September 28 1973. Around thirty thousand events take place here every year visited by around eight million people. Source: Wonderslist.com

 

#5 Sagrada Família

Credit to Dezeen
Credit to Dezeen

The Sagrada Familia is a large Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, and one of Spain’s most visited tourist attractions. It’s a design by Antoni Gaudí, a Catalan architect who worked on this project for almost 40 years until his death in 1926. The construction of the basilica began in 1882 and still as yet not finished. Source: Touropia.com